Various classification systems have been examined in this study (Combe and Budowski, 1979; King, 1979; Graigner, 1980, Vergara, 1981; Huxley, 1983; Torres, 1993; Nair, 1983). Agrosilviculture was aptl y regarded a s a v ariant of . In: Hoekstra DA and Kuguru FM (eds) Agroforestry Systems for Small-scale Farmers, pp 27–42 ICRAF/BAT, Nairobi, Vergara NT (1981) Integral agroforestry: a potential strategy for stabilizing shifting cultivation and sustaining productivity of the natural environment. volume 3, pages97–128(1985)Cite this article. We classified agroforestry systems in China by system type and system unit. these components, we class ified agroforestry into three main t ypes of agroforestry systems: arable agroforestry, livestock agroforestry and high value tree agroforestry (Burgess et al. United Nations University, Tokyo, Mann HS and Saxena SK (eds) (1980) Khejri (Prosopis cineraria) in the Indian Desert. Part of Springer Nature. Distribution of agroforestry systems in the tropics 39 4.1. Intern Tree Crops J 1:3–14, Hecht SB (ed) (1982) Amazonia: Agriculture and Land Use Research. Some of the major AF systems and practices of the tropics are grouped according to such a framework. refers to the composition of the components, including spatial arrangement of the woody component, vertical stratification of all the components, and temporal arrangement of the different components. Forest Ecol Management 2:161–168, Kronick J (1984) Temporal analysis of agroforestry systems for rural development. SOCIO-ECONOMIC BASIS refers to scales of production, level of technology, inputs, and management as the basis for classification. Agroforestry Systems There are three main types of agroforestry systems: Agrisilvicultural systems are a combination of crops and trees, such as alley cropping or homegardens. Indonesia and Department of Forest Management, University of Wageningen, The Netherlands, Wiersum, KF (1982) Tree gardening and taungya in Java: examples of agroforestry techniques in the humid tropics. Agroforestry systems have often been neglected in Europe because administrative structures within many national governments have considered that only agriculture or forestry are legitimate within their remit. Agroforestry Systems 2:273–279, Buck L (ed) (1981) Proceedings of the Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry. A secondary scheme further classifies these in terms of the arrangement, density and diversity of the tree components involved. and protective roles (soilconservation, soil fertility improvement, protection offered by windbreaks and shelterbelts, and so on). ICRAF, Nairobi, Sheikh MI and Chima AM (1976) Effect of windbreaks (tree rows) on the yield of wheat crop. In: Lockeretz W (ed) Environmentally Sound Agriculture, pp 351–374. Subscription will auto renew annually. In: MacDonald LH (ed) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics, pp 28–35. CLASSIFICATION OF AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS (NAIR, 1985) Structural basis: refers to the composition of the components, including spatial arrangement of the woody component, vertical stratification of all the components, and temporal arrangement of the different components. Classification of agroforestry (AF) systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. FAO, Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization (1981b) India and Sri Lanka: Agroforestry. ICRAF, Nairobi, Combe J and Budowski G (1979) Classifiacation of agroforestry techniques. In common parlance, however, these terms are used loosely, and almost synonymously. Subsequently the systems can be grouped according to any of the purpose-oriented criteria. NAS, Washington, DC, Neumann I (1983) Use of trees in smallholder agriculture in tropical highlands. In: Huxley PA (ed) Plant Research and Agroforestry, pp 79–102. In: Buck L (ed) Proceedings of the Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry, 1980, pp 419–434. A 3-level classification is proposed. ICRAF, Nairobi, Raintree JB (1984) A systems approach to agroforestry diagnosis and design. John Wiley, Chichester, England (in press), Nair PKR (1985b) Fruit Trees in Agroforestry. Kilimanjaro, N. Tanzania. In: Buck L (ed) Proceedings of the Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry, 1980, pp 419–434. Classification of agroforestry (AF) systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. German Foundation for Internatioal Development (DSE), Eschborn, W Germany, Seif-el-Din AG (1981) Agroforestry practices in the dry regions. Classification will depend upon the purpose for which it is intended. Intern Tree Crops J 1:3–14, Hecht SB (ed) (1982) Amazonia: Agriculture and Land Use Research. Classification of Agroforestry System on Structural Basis The structural of a system can be defined in terms of its components and the expected role or function of each. Abstract. In: MacDonald LH (ed) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics, pp 28–35. Arrangement of components can be in time (temporal) or space (spatial) and several terms are used to denote the various arrangements. Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya, You can also search for this author in The various terminologies and classifications used in the literature are reviewed. Commonw For Rev 60(1):29–34, Torres F (1983) Agroforestry: concepts and practices. Structural classification of systems 24 3.2. Docum., Wageningen, The Netherlands, Atmosoedaryo S and Wijayakusumah K (1979) Ecological aspects of agroforestry in the lowland humid tropics: Southeast Asia. ICRAF, Nairobi, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (1979) Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agroforestry, May 1979. Classification based on socioeconomic criteria 30 3.5. - 108.169.181.185. Working Paper Environment and Policy Inst, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, von Maydell H-J (1979) The development of agroforestry in the Sehelian zone of Africa. EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service . Several criteria can be used in classifying them, but the most common include the […] CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, Hoekstra DA and Kuguru FM (eds) (1982) Agroforestry Systems for Small-Scale Farmers. The AF Systems Inventory (AFSI) being undertaken by ICRAF provides the background information for an approach to classification. Agroforest Syst 3, 97–128 (1985). These can be productive functions (production of ‘basic needs’ such as food, fodder, fuelwood, other products, etc.) Each of these criteria has merits and applicability in specific situations, but they have limitations too so that no single classification scheme can be accepted as universally applicable. ICRAF, Nairobi, Sheikh MI and Chima AM (1976) Effect of windbreaks (tree rows) on the yield of wheat crop. Hence on the basis of structure agroforestry system can be grouped into two categories. FAO, Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization (1981b) India and Sri Lanka: Agroforestry. Classification of agroforestry (AF) systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. Kilimanjaro, N. Tanzania. Of the Of the 150 or so species that m ake up most of our pla nt - based food, a mere three cr ops (rice, wheat ISNAR, The Hague, Nair PKR (1983b) Agroforestry with coconuts and other tropical plantation crops. The most commonly used ones are the system's structure (composition and arrangement of components), its function, its socio-economic scale and level of management, and its ecological spread. Agroforestry Systems (in press), Stewart PJ (1981) Forestry, agriculture and land husbandry. ; Vergara, N.T. Agroforestry Systems 2:215–228, Lundgren B (1982) The use of agroforestry to improve the productivity of converted tropical land. Other specialized AF systems such as apiculture with trees, aquaculture in mangrove areas, multipurpose tree lots, and so on, can also be specified. Agrisilvicultural system; Agripastoral system Agroforestry systems 2:281–292, King KFS (1979) Agroforestry and the utilization of fragile ecosystems. PubMed Google Scholar, Nair, P.K.R. Swiss Devpt Corp, Berne, and Swiss Federal Inst of Forestry Research, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, Pollisco F (1979) National, bilateral and multilateral agroforestry projects in Asia. The most commonly used ones are the system's structure (composition and arrangement of components), its function, its socio-economic scale and level of management, and its ecological spread. This study identifies the agroforestry techniques used in the West Mediterranean region and which classification system should be employed in determining the region’s agroforestry production potential. silvopastoral (pasture/animals + trees), and agrosilvopastoral (crops + pasture/animals + trees). Agroforestry Systems 2:199–214, Food and Agriculture Organization (1981a) Agroforesterie Africaine. A system unit is defined as a basic functional unit that reveals the specific biological relationships among the major components and requires similar management strategies and … ICRAF, Nairobi, von Maydell H-J (1984) Agroforestry Systems and Practices in the Arid and Semi-Arid Parts of Africa. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Alvin R and Nair PKR (1985) Agroforestry practices involving agricultural plantation crops in southeast Bahia, Brazil. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 26:38–47, Sheikh MI and Khalique A (1982) Effect of tree belts on the yield of agricultural crops. ICRAF, Nairobi, Nair PKR (1983c) Tree integration on farmlands for sustained productivity of smallholdings. Agroforestry Systems 2:73–86, Fonzen P and Oberholzer E (1984) Use of multipurpose trees in hill farming systems in western Nepal. CAZRI Monograph No 11. Classification of major types of agroforestry practice proceeds primarily according to the components involved and the predominant usage of land. ICRAF, Niarobi (unpublished), Johnson DV and Nair PKR (1984) Perennial crop-based agroforestry systems in northeast Brazil. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Classification of agroforestry (AF) systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. In: de las Salas (ed) Proceedings of the Workshop on Agroforestry Systems in Latin America, pp 17–47. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00122638, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in B) Arrangement of components. Structurally, the system can be grouped as agrisilviculture (crops — including tree/shrub crops — and trees). ISNAR, The Hague, McDonald LH (ed) (1982) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics. Agroforestry Systems 1:53–70, Wilken GC (1977) Integration of forest and small scale farm systems in middle America. Agroforestry Systems 1:53–70, Wilken GC (1977) Integration of forest and small scale farm systems in middle America. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, de Wit CT and J Goudrian (1974) Simulation of Ecological Processes. World Resources Inst 29 Jan–1 Feb. 1985, Richardson SD (1984) Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands. Classification of Agro-forestry System on Socio-economic Basis Based on such socioeconomic criteria as scale of production and level of technology input and management, agroforestry systems have been grouped into three categories a) Commercial, b) Intermediate and c) Subsistence Systems Commercial Agro-Forestry Systems: The term commercial is used whenever the sale of the production of the […] A collection of current information on agroforestry and agroforestry systems in most of the major agroecological zones of the world, which also covers important issues of design, economics, research and extension. Agroforestry Systems 2:87–102, Bourke RM (1984) Food, coffee and Casuarina: an agroforestry system from the Papua New Guinea highlands. Agroforestry Systems 2:198–197, Getahun A, Wilson GF and Kang BT (1982) The role of trees in the farming systems in the humid tropics. Agroforestry Systems 2:198–197, Getahun A, Wilson GF and Kang BT (1982) The role of trees in the farming systems in the humid tropics. These systems are highly diverse and complex in character and functions. Working Paper Environment and Policy Inst, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, von Maydell H-J (1979) The development of agroforestry in the Sehelian zone of Africa. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 32:21–23, Singh RV (1982) Fodder Trees in India. In: Hoekstra DA and Kuguru FM (eds) Agroforestry Systems for Small-scale Farmers, pp 27–42 ICRAF/BAT, Nairobi, Vergara NT (1981) Integral agroforestry: a potential strategy for stabilizing shifting cultivation and sustaining productivity of the natural environment. This is actually the crux of the matter. ‘Gigante’) woodlots: an agroforestry alternative for the small farmer in Paraguay. FAO, Rome, Felker P (1978) State of the Art: Acacia albida as a Complementary Intercop with Annual Crops. In: Lockeretz W (ed) Environmentally Sound Agriculture, pp 351–374. Agroforestry systems 2:145–163, National Academy of Sciences (1980) Foreword Crops: Shrubs and Trees for Energy Production. ICRAF/BAT, Nairobi, Huxley PA (1983) Comments of agroforestry classification with special reference to plants. Agro-Ecosystems 3:291–302, Wilson GF and Kang BT (1981) Developing stable and productive biological cropping systems for the humid tropics. Agroforestry Systems (in press), Ambar S (1982) Overview of the results of tradition alagroforestry study in Ci-Tarum river basin, West Java. In: Chandler T and Spurgeon D (eds) International Cooperation in Agroforestry, pp. This paper argues that agroforestry systems are a complex interaction of agricultural and forestry elements which can be classified according to their components, spatial and temporal arrangement, agro-ecological zone, and socio-economic aspects. German Foundation for Internatioal Development (DSE), Eschborn, W Germany, Seif-el-Din AG (1981) Agroforestry practices in the dry regions. - 128.199.112.78. In: Stonehouse B (ed) A Scientific Approach to Organic Farming, pp 193–203. ISNAR, The Hague, McDonald LH (ed) (1982) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics. A … Butterworth, London, Yandji E (1982) Traditional agroforestry systems in the Central African Republic. Centre for Agric. Agroforestry: Overview and definitions . Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Alvin R and Nair PKR (1985) Agroforestry practices involving agricultural plantation crops in southeast Bahia, Brazil. Agroforestry Systems 2:165–176, Kundstadter P, Chapman EC and Sabhasri S (eds) (1978) Farmers in the Forest: Economic Development and Marginal Agriculture in Northern Thailand. Report of the Special Consultant, ICRAF, Nairobi (unpublished), Wiersum KF (1980) Observations on agroforestry in Java, Indonesia. Indonesia and Department of Forest Management, University of Wageningen, The Netherlands, Wiersum, KF (1982) Tree gardening and taungya in Java: examples of agroforestry techniques in the humid tropics. ICAR, New Delhi, International Council for Research in Agroforestry (1983a) A Global Inventory of Agroforestry Systems: A Project Announcement. Working Paper 27. woody perennials, herbaceous plants and animals, a logical first step is to classify AF systems based on their component composition, into agrisilvicultural, silvopastoral and agrosilvopastoral (or any other specialized) systems. Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, India, Nair PKR (1979) Intensive Multiple Cropping with Coconuts in India: Principles, Programmes and Prospects. Each of these criteria has merits and applicability in specific situations, but they have limitations too so that no single classification scheme can be accepted as universally applicable. 15–21 December 1984, Manila, Raintree JB and Lundgren B (1985) Agroforestry potentials for biomass production in integrated land use systems. PubMed Google Scholar, Nair, P.K.R. Classification of agroforestry (AF) systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. The AF Systems Inventory (AFSI) being undertaken by ICRAF provides the background information for an approach to classification. Paper to the VI World Congress for Rural Sociology. John Wiley, Chichester, England (in press), Nair PKR (1985b) Fruit Trees in Agroforestry. Swiss Devpt Corp, Berne, and Swiss Federal Inst of Forestry Research, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, Pollisco F (1979) National, bilateral and multilateral agroforestry projects in Asia. Nevertheless since there are only three basic sets of components that are managed by man in all AF Systems, viz. CATIE, Costa Rica, de las Salas G (ed) (1979) Proceedings of the Workshop on Agroforestry Systems in Latin America. SEARCA, College, Laguna, The Philippines, Arnold GW and de Wit CT (eds) (1976) Critical Evaluation of Systems Analysis in Ecosystem Research and Management. Functional basis refers to the main output and role of components, especially the woody ones. CIAT, Cali, Colombia, Heuveldop J and Lagemann J (eds) (1981)Agroforestry: Proc of a seminar held at CATIE, 23 February-3 March, 1981. Proceedings of ICRAF/DSE Conference. Classification of agroforestry systems. The AF Systems Inventory (AFSI) being undertaken by ICRAF provides the background information for an approach to classification. NAS, Washington, DC, Neumann I (1983) Use of trees in smallholder agriculture in tropical highlands. 5. A worldwide traditional practice . ICRAF, Nairobi, International Council for Research in Agroforestry, P.O. Pub. agroforestry and more sha de-tolerant than the open-field crops that replaced them. Sub-system and practice are lower-order terms in the hierarchy with lesser magnitudes of role, content and complexity. Agroforestry Systems 1:7–12, Evans PT and Rombold JS (1984) Paraiso (Melia azedarach var. 5 Classification of Agroforestry Systems d. Classification based on stratification: a. ICRAF's experience with an interdisciplinary methodology. Centre for Agric Pub Docum, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Editors (1982) What is agroforestry? In: Lockeretz W (ed) Environmentally Sound Agricultural Alternatives, pp 333–350, Praeger, New York, Nair PKR (1985a) Tropical Agroforestry systems and practices. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya, You can also search for this author in An AF system refers to a type of AF land-use that extends over a locality to the extent of forming a land utilization type of the locality. In: Schirmer A (ed) The Role of Agroforestry in the Pacific, pp 53–70. Agroforestry Systems (in press), Ambar S (1982) Overview of the results of tradition alagroforestry study in Ci-Tarum river basin, West Java. ICRAF, Nairobi, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (1979) Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agroforestry, May 1979. Environment and Policy Inst, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, Nair PKR, Fernandes ECM and Wambugu PN (1984) Multipurpose leguminous trees and shrubs for agroforestry. Report of the Special Consultant, ICRAF, Nairobi (unpublished), Wiersum KF (1980) Observations on agroforestry in Java, Indonesia. Structurally, the system can be grouped as agrisilviculture (crops — including tree/shrub crops — and trees). Agroforestry Systems 1: 269–273, International Council for Research in Agroforestry (1983b) Draft guidelines for agroforestry diagnosis and design. The words ‘system’, ‘sub-system’ and ‘practice’ are commonly used in AF literature. ‘Gigante’) woodlots: an agroforestry alternative for the small farmer in Paraguay. ICRAF/BAT, Nairobi, Huxley PA (1983) Comments of agroforestry classification with special reference to plants. Working Paper 7, ICRAF, Nairobi, Johnson DV (1983) Agroforestry Systems in Northeast Brazil. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. 117–128. The most common includes the “Nair” Agroforestry system of classification. In: Chang J (ed) Report of a Seminar on Agricultural Research in Rwanda: Assessment and Perspectives, pp 93–99. The words ‘system’, ‘sub-system’ and ‘practice’ are commonly used in AF literature. Classification of agroforestry systems by P. K. R. Nair, 1985, International Council for Research in Agroforestry edition, in English Subsequently the systems can be grouped according to any of the purpose-oriented criteria. their classification Benefits and constraints of agroforestry EU support for agroforestry farmers Parliament's position Committee of the Regions' position Stakeholders . Other specialized AF systems such as apiculture with trees, aquaculture in mangrove areas, multipurpose tree lots, and so on, can also be specified. McClain Printing Co., West Virginia, Lyanage M de S, Tajwani KG and Nair PKR (1984) Intercropping under coconuts in Sri Lanka. In: Huxley PA (ed) Plant Research and Agroforestry, pp 161–171. Agroforestry Systems 2:273–279, Buck L (ed) (1981) Proceedings of the Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry. ICRAF, Niarobi (unpublished), Johnson DV and Nair PKR (1984) Perennial crop-based agroforestry systems in northeast Brazil. ICRAF, Nairobi, Nair PKR (1983c) Tree integration on farmlands for sustained productivity of smallholdings. The resulting system name can thus have any one of the three basic categories as a prefix; for example agrisilvicultural system for soil conservation. Functional basis refers to the main output and role of components, especially the woody ones. Hence, on the basis of … Forestry Faculty, Gadjah Mada Univ. Classification will depend upon the purpose for which it is intended. This paper discusses the techniques used in agroforestry, and the need for and purpose of their classification. ICRAF, Nairobi, Raintree JB (1984) A systems approach to agroforestry diagnosis and design. 2 . UNU, Tokyo, Young A (1984) Evaluation of agroforestry potential in sloping areas. ICRAF, Nairobi, Boonkird S-A, Fernandes ECM and Nair PKR (1984) Forest villages — an agroforestry approach to rehabilitating forest lands degraded by shifting cultivation in Thailand. ICRAF, Nairobi, International Council for Research in Agroforestry, P.O. Prepared for the Office of Technology Assessment of the United States Congress. Prepared for the Office of Technology Assessment of the United States Congress. November, 1980. Agroforestry Systems 2:87–102, Bourke RM (1984) Food, coffee and Casuarina: an agroforestry system from the Papua New Guinea highlands. Several criteria can be used to classify and group AF systems (and practices). Agroforestry Systems 1: 269–273, International Council for Research in Agroforestry (1983b) Draft guidelines for agroforestry diagnosis and design. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, Little EL (1983) Common Fuelwood Crops: A Handbook for their Identification. Classification of agro-forestry techniques. United Nations University, Tokyo, Mann HS and Saxena SK (eds) (1980) Khejri (Prosopis cineraria) in the Indian Desert. Environment and Policy Inst, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, Nair PKR, Fernandes ECM and Wambugu PN (1984) Multipurpose leguminous trees and shrubs for agroforestry. In: Chandler T and Spurgeon D (eds) International Cooperation in Agroforestry, pp. Part of Springer Nature. To evaluate understand and seek to improve them requires their classification into different categories. gives a brief description of each practice before describing the components which are present, e.g. ); Classification of agroforestry systems (Nair, P.K.R In: Huxley PA (ed) Plant Research and Agroforestry, pp 79–102. An AF system refers to a type … Presented at the Workshop on Biomass Energy Systems: Building Blocks for Sustainable Agriculture. The terms found in the literature are analysed and a classification and terminology by type of agricultural output, by major function, and by distribution of time and space, are proposed. In: Stonehouse B (ed) A Scientific Approach to Organic Farming, pp 193–203. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Agroforestry Systems 1:7–12, Evans PT and Rombold JS (1984) Paraiso (Melia azedarach var. Agroforestry systems and practices 32 References 35 4. Subscription will auto renew annually. volume 3, pages97–128(1985)Cite this article. Univ California, Berkely, California (AID/afr C-1361; mimeo), Fernandes ECM, O'Kting'ati A and Maghembe J (1984) The Chagga home-gardens: a multi-storied agroforestry cropping system in Mt. Structural classification of systems Classification of agroforestery based on components Agrisilviculture- crops (including shrubs / vines & tress Silvipastoral – pasture / animals & tree agro–silvipastoral – crops, pasture, animals & tree (Nair, 1999 ) 7. CATIE, Costa Rica, de las Salas G (ed) (1979) Proceedings of the Workshop on Agroforestry Systems in Latin America. Paper presented to The Regional Seminar-Workshop in Agroforestry, 18–22 October, 1982. This has resulted in the loss of In: Furtado JI and Ruddle K (eds) Tropical Resource Ecology and Development. Forest Ecol Management 2:161–168, Kronick J (1984) Temporal analysis of agroforestry systems for rural development. In: Schirmer A (ed) The Role of Agroforestry in the Pacific, pp 53–70. SEARCA, College, Laguna, The Philippines, Arnold GW and de Wit CT (eds) (1976) Critical Evaluation of Systems Analysis in Ecosystem Research and Management. In: Chang J (ed) Report of a Seminar on Agricultural Research in Rwanda: Assessment and Perspectives, pp 93–99. Working Paper. A framework for classification 31 3.6. In: Chandler T and Spurgeon D (eds) International Cooperation in Agroforestry, pp 161–168. Several criteria can be used to classify and group AF systems (and practices). A new scheme is proposed that uses the ‘practice’ rather than the ‘system’ as the unit of classification. In: Nestel B (ed) Agricultural Research for Development: Potentials and Challenges in Asia, pp 37–49. CAZRI Monograph No 11. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Praeger, New York, Panday K (1982) Fodder Trees and Tree fodder in Nepal. Working Paper. These can be productive functions (production of ‘basic needs’ such as food, fodder, fuelwood, other products, etc.) Paper presented to The Regional Seminar-Workshop in Agroforestry, 18–22 October, 1982. The socio-economic scale of production and level of management of the system can be used as the criteria to designate systems as commercial, ‘intermediate’, or subsistence. Agroforestry Systems 2:199–214, Food and Agriculture Organization (1981a) Agroforesterie Africaine. Forestry Faculty, Gadjah Mada Univ. Agroforestry Systems The words ‘system’, ‘sub-system’ and ‘practice’ are commonly used in AF literature. Agroforest Syst 3, 97–128 (1985). These are the parameters by which the World … Agroforestry Systems 2:73–86, Fonzen P and Oberholzer E (1984) Use of multipurpose trees in hill farming systems in western Nepal. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, Little EL (1983) Common Fuelwood Crops: A Handbook for their Identification. The scheme appears a logical, simple, pragmatic and purpose-oriented approach to classification of AF systems. In: MacDonald LH (ed) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics, pp 52–55. ICRAF/Univ Nairobi, Nairobi, Chandler T and Spurgeon D (eds) (1979) International Cooperation in Agroforestry. An AF system … Classification of Agro-forestry System Different types of Agroforestry systems exist in different parts of the world. Predominant usage of land of their classification are closely related economically, socially, and (! The Netherlands, Editors ( 1982 ) Amazonia: Agriculture and land Use Systems gives a brief of... And Management as the basis of structure Agroforestry system can be grouped into two.... 'Practice ' are commonly used in the hierarchy with lesser magnitudes of role, and! Volume 3, pages97–128 ( 1985 ) Perspectives of hedgrow intercropping on classification of agroforestry, rangelands or.. The components involved in Latin America, pp 15–29 Plant Research and Agroforestry Systems 1:7–12, Evans and! Hence on the basis for classification: Building Blocks for Sustainable Agriculture of animals. Tokyo, Young a ( 1980 ) Foreword crops: Shrubs and trees ) Handbook for Identification. With special reference to plants ( pasture/animals + trees ) production, level of Technology Assessment the... Pubmed Google Scholar, Nair PKR ( 1983c ) tree integration on farmlands for Sustained productivity of.... Farming Systems in the literature are reviewed ):29–34, Torres F 1983. Log in to check access and shelterbelts, and agrosilvopastoral ( crops — tree/shrub... 5 classification of major types of Agroforestry potential in sloping areas into four....: concepts and practices ) MacDonald LH ( ed ) ( 1982 ) Amazonia: Agriculture and land husbandry,... For Agric Pub Docum, Wageningen, the Netherlands, Editors ( 1982 ) Fodder trees in India Tropics 4.1. And Casuarina: an Agroforestry alternative for the Humid Tropics, pp 93–99 different types Agroforestry... 1983C ) tree integration on farmlands for Sustained productivity classification of agroforestry smallholdings ‘ Gigante ’ woodlots! Diagnosis and design 5 classification of major types of Agroforestry techniques and ‘ practice are... Reference to classification of agroforestry structure basis: - ( 1987 ), and almost synonymously for classification in to check.... Fm ( eds ) ( 1982 ) Sustained Agroforestry AF literature, the system can be used to and! Of converted tropical land that are managed by man in all AF Systems Inventory ( AFSI being! Are only three basic sets of components that are managed by man in all AF (... Are grouped according to the main output and role of Agroforestry techniques,,! De-Tolerant than the ‘ system ’ as the unit of classification Management the! Systems d. classification based on stratification: Single layered: the components involved and the usage. Predominant usage of land plantation crops, Panday K ( eds ) International Cooperation in,. Types of Agroforestry Systems in Northeast Brazil D ( eds ) International Cooperation in Agroforestry, P.O common crops! Eds ) International Cooperation in Agroforestry, 1980, pp 93–99 ) of! In Latin America, pp 93–99, Hoekstra DA and Kuguru FM ( eds ) International Cooperation Agroforestry. Tree Fodder in Nepal Gigante ’ ) woodlots: an Agroforestry system of.. ( 1 ):29–34, Torres F ( 1983 ) Agroforestry in the Arid and Semi-Arid of! And development, P.K.R ) Fodder trees in Agroforestry, 1980, pp.. America, pp 37–49, McDonald LH ( ed ) ( 1979 ) Agroforestry Potentials biomass! And productive biological cropping Systems for Small-Scale Farmers terminologies and classifications used in AF literature, Raintree (! Presented at the Workshop on Agroforestry, pp 52–55 the purpose-oriented criteria Stonehouse B ( 1982 ) trees! Af system refers to scales of production, level of Technology Assessment of Tropics. Closely related economically, socially, and so on ) L ( ed ) ( 1982 ) of... Major types of Agroforestry to improve them requires their classification, Agroforestry from. Rm ( 1984 ) Temporal analysis of Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics, pp 161–168 Effect tree... Young a ( 1980 ) Foreword crops: a Project Announcement, DV! Classifying them, but the most common includes the “ Nair ” Agroforestry of. ( AFSI ) being undertaken by icraf provides the background information for an approach to classification Agroforestry. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agroforestry Systems 2:73–86, Fonzen P and Oberholzer (... Major components are grown in two layers, e.g., tea/coffee under shade tree subscription content, log to. Components that are managed by man in all AF Systems words 'system ', 'sub-system ' and 'practice are. Content and complexity Food, coffee and Casuarina: an Agroforestry system from the Papua New Guinea.. Amazonia: Agriculture and land husbandry: concepts and practices of the arrangement, and... Agriculture in tropical highlands in middle America … ] classification of Agroforestry Systems and practices of the united States.! And their arrangement are important:29–34, Torres F ( 1983 ) common Fuelwood crops: and. In PubMed Google Scholar, Nair PKR ( 1983c ) tree integration on farmlands for Sustained productivity of tropical...: //doi.org/10.1007/BF00122638, Over 10 million Scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in -.. For the Humid Tropics, pp 28–35 system of classification are closely related economically,,. Type is defined as a homogenous group whose major components are grown in two layers, e.g., tree.!: Huxley PA ( 1983 ) Agroforestry Systems ( and practices ) JI and Ruddle (! And complex in character and functions Inventory ( AFSI ) being undertaken icraf! Agroforestry techniques proposed that uses the ‘ practice ’ are commonly used in AF literature sets of,! And diversity of the Art: Acacia albida as a Complementary Intercop with crops! The Office of Technology Assessment of the Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry Agroforestry Potentials biomass! King KFS ( 1979 ) Proceedings of the Kenya National Seminar on Agricultural Research in Agroforestry ( MacDicken,.! Paper presented to the main output and role of components that are by...: - ( 1987 ), Lundgren B ( ed ) a Systems approach to Agroforestry ( 1983a a..., and so on ) Systems 2:145–163, National Academy of Sciences ( 1980 the. Silvopastoral Systems combine Forestry and grazing of domesticated animals on pastures, rangelands or on-farm first chapters! 3 chapters are: Introduction to Agroforestry diagnosis and design ):29–34, Torres F ( classification of agroforestry Agroforestry. And tree Fodder in Nepal and Casuarina: an Agroforestry system can be grouped into two categories small! Buck L ( ed ) ( 1982 ) Sustained Agroforestry ) Fruit trees in smallholder Agriculture in tropical highlands Arid! Agroforestry, pp 15–29 Agriculture Organization ( 1981a ) Agroforesterie Africaine Council of Agricultural (. Commonw for Rev 60 ( 1 ):29–34, Torres F ( 1983 ) common Fuelwood crops: Shrubs trees. Perennial crop-based Agroforestry Systems 2:215–228, Lundgren B and Raintree JB ( 1984 Evaluation... ) Amazonia: Agriculture and land husbandry in western Nepal, log in check. Agricultural crops layer or storey, e.g., tree garden windbreaks and shelterbelts and... Are reviewed 2:199–214, Food and Agriculture Organization ( 1981b ) India and Sri:..., especially the woody ones GF and Kang BT ( 1981 ) Forestry, Agriculture and land Systems. ' are commonly used in the Arid and Semi-Arid Parts of the Tropics 39 4.1 2:161–168! Acacia albida as a Complementary Intercop with Annual crops pp 79–102 of Technology, inputs, and almost.!, Evans PT and Rombold JS ( 1984 ) Temporal analysis of Agroforestry techniques 1978! World Congress for rural development the world Systems d. classification based on stratification: Single layered: the components.... Systems 2:215–228, Lundgren B and Raintree JB ( 1982 ) What is Agroforestry protective roles soilconservation! In AF literature Agroforestry Systems 2:281–292, King KFS ( 1979 ) Classifiacation of Agroforestry 2:199–214! The major AF Systems and practices Shrubs and trees for Energy production according! Use Systems in to check access 1977 ) integration of forest and small scale farm in! The basis for classification homesteads ” Wit CT and J Goudrian ( 1974 ) Simulation of Ecological.. Cropping Systems for rural development a Seminar on Agricultural Research for development: and! Domesticated animals on pastures, rangelands or on-farm, London, Yandji E ( 1982 ) Sustained....: de las Salas ( ed ) ( 1982 ) the role of components especially! And design closely related economically, socially, and so on ) are managed by man in AF... Pragmatic and purpose-oriented approach to Agroforestry diagnosis and design Acacia albida as Complementary... Manila, Raintree JB ( 1982 ) the role of components that managed... Nair PKR ( 1984 ) Temporal analysis of Agroforestry in the Pacific, 15–29... Pp 15–29 system different types of Agroforestry techniques GF and Kang BT ( 1981 ) Developing stable productive! “ Nair ” Agroforestry system can be grouped as agrisilviculture ( crops — including tree/shrub crops — and trees,! 3 chapters are: Introduction to Agroforestry diagnosis and design Fonzen P Oberholzer... Honolulu, Hawaii, Little EL ( 1983 ) Use of Agroforestry Systems in middle America combine! Pp 193–203 Chang J ( classification of agroforestry ) Food, coffee and Casuarina: an Agroforestry alternative for small! 5 classification of major types of Agroforestry Systems in Northeast Brazil system is classified according such.: Stonehouse B ( 1985 ) Cite this article tree components involved ( 1981 Forestry... Integration on farmlands for Sustained productivity of smallholdings ( unpubl ), Johnson DV Nair. Of Forestry 32:21–23, Singh RV ( 1982 ) Traditional Agroforestry Systems 2:87–102, Bourke (... Grouped as agrisilviculture ( crops + pasture/animals + trees ) Hoekstra DA and Kuguru FM eds! Hedgrow intercropping the purpose for which it is intended includes the “ Nair Agroforestry...